Severe generalized infection of the body caused by pathogenic microorganisms (fungi, bacteria or viruses). In case of hospitalized patients, the most common bacterial causes are pneumonia, suture infection and abscesses. Septicemia is characterized by fever, increased heart and respiratory rate, and granulocytosis. In severe cases, a significant drop in blood pressure and multiple organ failure can occur.

The treatment of septicemia involves the administration of drugs to fight the bacteria that causes the infection, in addition to IV hydration therapy and support measures to restore the normal functioning of the organs. These measures may include mechanical ventilation for cases of respiratory failure, and dialysis for cases of renal failure.

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This content is part of the Oncoclínicas glossary with all terms related to Oncology and its treatments.
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