Oncological surgery of the digestive system is a procedure that aims to treat cancers and tumors that affect the digestive system, in organs such as the stomach, esophagus, duodenum, large and small intestine, colon and rectum.
The operations, in these cases, can be palliative or curative. According to the stage of the tumor, the most appropriate procedure is indicated to allow the body a faster recovery.
Types of surgery for cancer of the digestive tract
Depending on where the cancer is, cancer surgery of the digestive tract can be performed using less invasive methods, such as laparoscopy, which involves inserting a device with a camera on the tip into the patient’s body, allowing the doctor to treat the region without the need to make very large or deep cuts.
The recovery time for laparoscopic surgery is shorter than for traditional surgery, and the chances of bleeding are also less. Generally, the procedure performed by laparoscopy is indicated to treat colon cancer and rectal cancer.
Other cases of oncologic surgery of the digestive tract can also be performed using robotic surgery technology.
In general, there are two methods applied when treating cancer in the digestive system through surgery. Are they:
When the tumor is located in an organ of the digestive system, that is, when the cancer is restricted to that organ and the lymph nodes and its condition is evaluated/confirmed by the surgeon as amenable to removal, the removal is performed with the aim of curing the tumor. the disease.
In general, the method is more used when the cancer is at an early stage, but, depending on the case, it can be an alternative in advanced cases. The diseases that most commonly use this method are cancer of the esophagus, gallbladder, stomach, pancreas, liver and colon.
In cases where the cancer cannot be resected and reaches a degree that compromises the patient’s life, the option is to reduce the symptoms of the disease and the rates of cancer cells in the body.
Associated with other treatments, such as Radiotherapy or Chemotherapy, in this circumstance, a partial removal of the tumor or other surgical procedures that facilitate the patient’s conditions may be indicated, such as the placement of a catheter through the nose to perform gastric clearance, for example. The most common cases are colon cancer and some types of bowel cancer.
Possible adverse effects of cancer surgery in the digestive tract
The surgical procedure for treatment may have some side effects and consequences, depending on the location and type of surgery. The most common of them are, among others: hemorrhages; blood clots; drug reactions; pain; damage to nearby organs or tissues and infections.