Yes, the practice of anal sex is one of the factors associated with anal cancer. The risk of developing the disease is also related to some infections, such as HPV – human papillomavirus and HIV, and other sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea, genital herpes and chlamydia. Therefore, it is extremely important to use condoms during sexual intercourse.
No. The engorgement, pain and bleeding of the hemorrhoids, what we call the hemorrhoidal crisis, is in a way a situation commonly faced by many people. There is no relationship between this disease and the development of anal cancer, although the symptoms can be the same. If you have any of the above symptoms, you should seek the advice of a specialist to help you manage your case.
In fact, diarrhea is a manifestation that can represent from simple diseases to serious conditions. It is possible for anal cancer to cause a change in the patient’s bowel habit, leading to both diarrhea and constipation, but the main symptoms of the disease are pain, rectal bleeding, and the sense of the presence of a mass in the area.
In general, the treatment is based on the use of chemotherapy in conjunction with radiotherapyand lasts approximately twi months.
A first clinical re-evaluation is scheduled for 6 to 8 weeks after the end of treatment. Quarterly reviews are advisable in cases where the response has been satisfactory, while in patients who are doubtful, a closer follow-up, often with biopsies, may be necessary. In most og the cases the disease is curable and the chances of recurrence, i.e. the cancer returning, are generally greater in cases where the initial tumor is very large, or when there is lymph node involvement.
In some situations it is not possible to treat the disease conservatively and a surgical approach becomes necessary. When this occurs, the anal sphincter muscles, which control fecal continence, are removed and it becomes difficult to re-establish the connection of the terminal portion of the intestine in its original position. The alternative found to solve this problem is to perform a colostomy, which is nothing more than a deviation of the intestinal transit. Instead of the stool bulk being transported through the entire large intestine and eliminated in the anal region, it will be eliminated at an earlier point, through an opening made in the patient’s abdomen. In practice, it is a very simple procedure, which provides the patient with a good quality of life. If you have any other doubts, seek your doctor’s advice.