General

What is it? Is there a cure? Is it contagious? Check out these and other answers to the most frequently asked questions about cancer below.
What is cancer?

Cancer are diseases arising from the disordered multiplication of cells, which are capable of invading various structures/areas of the body.

Is cancer curable?

With the advancement of medicine, cancer detection and treatment techniques have evolved a lot in recent years. Most tumors are currently curable. If diagnosed early, the patient’s chances of recovery are always more favorable.

Are all tumors cancer?

No. Tumor is only cancer when it is malignant. Tumor is what is called the growth of the number of cells, in a gradual and organized way, without invading other tissues and organs. Normally, there is an increase in volume in the body. Fibroids are examples of benign tumors that grow in the uterus of women.

Is cancer contagious?

No. Cancer cannot be transmitted between individuals. Malignant tumors are caused by genetic changes in the patient’s body, which cause the disordered proliferation of abnormal cells.

What is the most common type of cancer in the country?

Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in Brazil. According to the National Cancer Institute – INCA, non-melanoma skin cancer accounts for 30% of all malignant tumors registered in the country.

Is it true that physical activity reduces the risk of cancer?

Yes. Practicing physical activity regularly reduces the risk of having several types of cancer. Exercises combat overweight and sedentary lifestyle, risk factors for the disease. The duo is responsible, for example, for 20% of the occurrence of breast cancer. Physical activities also favor the control of sex hormones, which act directly in the development of prostate and breast cancer. In the case of those who have already been diagnosed with cancer, physical activity can even reduce the risk of the disease returning, in addition to improving the quality of life related to the tumor and/or the side effects of some treatments.