Oral Cancer

Check the different types of cancer, such as lung, breast, uterine, intestine, among others.
Does gingivitis evolve into oral cancer?

There is no relationship between gingivitis and oral cancer. Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gum caused mainly by an excessive proliferation of bacteria. Other possible causes are poor dental occlusion, the presence of tartar, cavities, smoking, low saliva production, and exposure to chemical products. When it is in its initial phase, it causes redness, pain, and bleeding near the teeth. In more advanced stages, it can evolve to bone involvement and tooth loss. Oral cancer, in the other hand, is a disease that affects more men than women, over the age of 40, and is related to risk behaviors, such as smoking and drinking, for example. When detected in early stages it can be treated surgically, with chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy, with satisfactory success rates. Otherwise, in cases where the diagnosis is delayed, this disease can be fatal.

I have white, bad-smelling plaques in my thoat whenever I eat a lot. Is this oral cancer?

No, this is not oral cancer. This problem is better known as tonsillar cyst, or from Latin, caseum. It forms in cavities in the tonsils and results from the accumulation of food residues in these places, which are decomposed by bacteria in the mouth. These whitish masses have an unpleasant odor and can be expelled when speaking, coughing or sneezing. They affect a large percentage of the population and, in addition to being related to bad breath, can also cause a foreign body sensation in the throat, pain, redness, and recurrent tonsillitis.

Can oral cancer metastasize?

Yes, oral cancer is a serious disease that has real potential for metastasis if not treated early. And the larger the lesion, the longer it takes to diagnose and start therapy, greater are the chances that the disease will spread to lymph nodes and to other organs, such as the lung, liver, and bones, for example.

Is oral cancer coused by smoking?

About 90% of patients diagnosed with oral cancer were smokers, according to the World Health Organization. But it is worth pointng out ithat the ingestion of alcoholic beverages and poor oral hygiene are also associated with the disease onset, in addition to the presence of an oncogenic virus called HPV (Human papilloma virus).

Does oral sex casue oral cancer?

Both smoking and alcohol consumption are major risk factors associated with head and neck cancer, and many years of exposure to these agents are necessary for them to promote the disease. Nowadays, however, there has been a change in the behavior pattern of the disease. The average age of patients is decreasing, and now about 30% have never been alcohol users or smokers. Another risk factor has been clearly observed by researchers: infection with the HPV virus (Human Papilloma Virus). Many patients with cancer of the oropharynx, particularly those with disease in the tonsils, or at the tongue’s basement, have the virus identified in the tumor. It is known that its transmission occurs via sexual intercourse and that promiscuous people who practice unprotected sex are more affected. Thus, it can be said that the above question makes sense and that contact with HPV through unprotected oral sex may be involved in the initiation of cancer.