Cardiovascular Surgery

Cardiovascular surgery is a procedure for when heart function is compromised. Cancer treatment can have side effects on the heart and, therefore, this type of surgery may be indicated. Know more.
Cardiovascular Surgery

Cardiovascular surgery is a very complex procedure and, therefore, is performed by a specialized surgeon, together with a multidisciplinary team. It occurs through medical indication, when the patient’s cardiac function is compromised due to heart-related problems.

Some people confuse cardiovascular surgery with vascular surgery, but they are not the same thing. The difference is precisely in the parts that are operated on by surgeons. While cardiovascular surgery treats diseases that affect the heart and vessels of the base, vascular surgery treats other arteries, veins and lymphatic vessels.

Cardiovascular surgery can be performed for a number of reasons. One of them, for example, is the need for myocardial revascularization. In this case, a segment of the artery or vein is used to divert blood from the aorta to the coronary arteries.

This type of surgery can also be performed as a treatment for heart valve diseases. These are diseases that affect the valves of the heart, making it difficult for blood to pump to all other parts of the body, which can lead to serious problems such as heart failure.

In addition, these procedures can also be performed as a form of treatment for congenital heart disease. These diseases cause a change in embryonic development and affect the heart structure. However, the best-known objective of cardiovascular surgeries is revascularization, implantation of pacemakers and defibrillators, used to assist in the normal functioning of the heart.

Among the existing categories of cardiovascular surgery, there is one considered as minimally invasive. It is performed through a technique that consists of a mini incision of about eight centimeters, in the central region of the chest.

The difference from other surgeries is precisely in the size of the incision, since a traditional cardiovascular surgical procedure usually has incisions of up to 25 centimeters. In addition, this technique stands out because it is considered less aggressive to the patient.

The duration time is close to that of open surgeries, ranging from 2h to 3h. Because the cut-off is smaller, the transfusion rate required for the patient is also reduced, as is the recovery time – which is much less painful. Therefore, it is a technique that has been gaining popularity.

Although the technique is gaining ground, because of its benefits, it is not used in all cardiovascular surgical procedures. This is because, in some cases, due to the patient’s anatomy or other issues, a larger incision is necessary. Even so, the model has been used in isolated aortic valve replacements, for example.

The Ministry of Health indicates that every year about 300,000 Brazilians suffer Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) [3], and in 30% of these cases the victim dies. Estimates indicate that by 240 this number will be 250% higher. That’s why it’s important to take care of your heart from an early age.

One of the recommendations to avoid heart problems is to practice physical activities, in addition to reducing stress levels and foods that harm cholesterol levels. In fact, people who have a healthy diet can reduce the death rate by 80%.

Tiredness, lack of appetite and nausea and fainting are some symptoms that indicate heart problems. Pay attention to your body, usually when something unusual happens it is a sign that something is wrong. Look for a doctor to perform the indicated tests and, if necessary, surgery.

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