Intensive Care Medicine is a medical specialty dedicated to life support or the support of systems and organs in patients who are in critical condition, who generally require intensive and monitored care. This specialty is ideally practiced by intensivist physicians with specific training. Intensive care is generally offered only to patients whose condition is potentially reversible and has a chance of survival with intensive care support. In general, intensive care is used to improve overall conditions so that the acute problem, which led to the suffering, can be resolved.
INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE X CANCER
About 20% of patients admitted to intensive care units have cancer. The surgical and chemotherapeutic modalities are often very aggressive, with surgical complications, toxic effects, or infectious processes that can often be resolved by an ICU stay.
The mortality of ICU patients with cancer and without cancer is about the same. The increase in the incidence of cancer in the population, as well as the survival of these patients, will put people suffering from cancer in the intensive care setting more and more frequently. Therefore, the oncology intensivist is the professional who specializes in the complications of the disease and the treatment of cancer and its possible complications.
Routine preventive exams, such as breast, uterine cervix, prostate and bowel exams, and vaccination against the human papilloma virus (HPV) prevent tumors and early diagnosis is fundamental for a milder treatment of the disease, which can avoid complications that could take the patient to the ICU.